How To Make Notes on Various Subjects (TIPS)

On request from Ayush, a dedicated reader, here’s a more-than-late post on how to make notes for various subjects. Though I prefer not to make excuses, it is “better to be late than never!” 😉



Here is a step-by-step guide on how to make your own notes:

Making notes in class:

* Read the chapter beforehand, i.e. before it has been taught in class, so that you are aware of technical terms and the basic concept. This will make it easier for you to quickly grasp the topic that the teacher is teaching.

* Listen attentively to what the teacher says during class. Even a minor detail here and there can prove beneficial. Sometimes, the textbooks may not have everything written in clear, simple language. Hence, by noting down as much as you can by listening attentively to your teacher, you will not only remember the topic, but it will also be easier for you to recollect small details when revising the topic later.

* Always practice writing your notes in shorthand to save time. You may make up your own abbreviations. For example, I use “w/” for “with; “w/o” for “without”; a downward arrow to indicate reduction or decrease; “gvt” for “government”, etc. Shorthand comes into use especially for technical terms or words that are repeatedly used.

* Write your notes in points as much as you can. Draw a flow chart or a tree diagram to get your ideas in place. Such visual aids will help you recall the content of the topic when revising and you will find it easier to remember when writing the content in points.

* Try to include examples given by the teacher while writing notes in class. Examples make it easier and simpler to understand the topic and in case you forget the details of the same, you can go through the example to brush up your knowledge.

* Don’t spend time noting down definitions or other technical terms that are bound to be given in the textbook. Concentrate more on detail and make your notes such that the chapter becomes easier for you to learn in the future. However, if you have the time, you may of course, note down definitions, etc.


Making notes from your textbook:

* Divide the chapter into parts and read the parts one by one.

* While reading one part, keep on underlining relevant points. Leave out unnecessary detail. However, do note that not all detail is unnecessary. Make sure you read the content with concentration to avoid missing out on important detail.

* After having thoroughly read one part, start making your notes.

* While making notes, include the following:

* Definitions – Mark them with an asterisk

* Potential questions that may be asked and a proper answer for the same

* Names and dates that may be asked

* Flow charts, tree diagrams, etc. that may help you to compress the content into digestible                       points

* Any precautions that you feel you might need to take in case certain questions are asked,

For example, while drawing the diagram of an eye, you have to be sure to mention which part                   includes the vitreous humor and which part, the aqueous humor.

* If you are referring to another textbook at the same time, note down important things that                    may be given in one textbook but not in another, so that you do not have to refer to both books          again during revision.

* Make note of numerous terms that can be used to denote the same thing. I prefer to mark these terms as  “also known as” ones.

* Draw relevant diagrams and schedules wherever required –  especially in Biology, Physics, and Economics/Economic Applications. Make sure you label them properly as well.


So far, these are the main things that come into mind. If I come across other such tips that may help you in preparing your own notes, I will make sure to update this post. Do keep the above things in mind. Hope they help you as much as they have helped me!


Keep visiting and keep yourself updated! Good luck! 🙂


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How To Make Notes on Various Subjects (TIPS) by Helpline for ICSE Students (Class X – Class 10) is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

Mathematics: Last-Minute Tips


Here are a few last-minute tips for writing your Mathematics paper:

* Make sure you fill up the necessary details on any graph papers. Also mention the question number and the section it belongs to.

* For clarity, outline/highlight your answer in a box, ex. if your answer is x=2 , draw a box around it so that it is easier for the examiner to locate your answer.

* Do not skip steps. Write down each and every step even if you feel it is very easy.

* If you have applied a specific technique in arriving at your answer, mention the name of the method, ex. if you have applied componendo and dividendo, then write down ‘by componendo and dividendo’ next to the step in parenthesis.

* Draw clear and neat diagrams and label them. Also, ex. if AB indicates the height of the tower, then mention separately, ‘AB=height of tower’, etc.

* Read the question thoroughly. Do not be in a hurry and see what the question is asking and attempt it accordingly.

* Check your paper twice and if you have the time, check it thrice. Make sure you don’t make any silly mistakes in calculation. To make it easier to recheck your answers, make sure your rough work is done on the same page as the answer and that it is clearly written and legible for you to recheck the calculation.

* Do not jumble up the steps. If you feel your answer seems jumbled up, leave a line after each step to make it look neat and clear.

* Leave a page if you don’t know the answer and come back to the question later. Do not waste time on a question that you are unsure of and which you need time to think upon.

* Check your paper and make sure you have answered each question and sub-question. If a question has two parts mentioned in the same line, make sure that you read the question till the very end and attempt all parts. If you have left a question to attempt later, make sure you go back and complete it.

Hope these tips help you while writing your exam paper! Keep visiting for more such tips! 🙂

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This work by Helpline for ICSE Students (Class X – Class 10) is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

Tips and Hints

Tip of the Day #4

Time for my “Tip of the Day”! It’s been quite a while, hasn’t it?

Tips and Hints

Tips and Hints

Well, one thing that I have noticed among my readers, is that many are confused as to how they should study for math and physics. These two subjects leave them desperate for help. Worry not, my friends! Math and physics aren’t necessarily that difficult, if you make an attempt to change the way you look at them. Pretend that those two are your most favorite subjects and which you find very easy, and voila! Slowly and steadily, they will become easier for you.

In the meantime, while you keep your imagination process on, also keep in mind to make notes – in math and in physics. For  math, make notes regarding all important formulae. You will find a PDF on important formule in math below:

The key is to write, write, and write.

Write and rewrite those formulae. Yes, I may sound like a first grade teacher, but that’s the key to memorizing all those formulae! Write them down, stick them on your cupboard or bulletin board, and take five to ten minutes each day to just go through them. You’ll learn them in no time! Half the problem solved! 🙂

Also, practice, practice, and practice those sums. Solve all examples, solve all chapter tests, and solve all exercises. You will then be familiar with all kinds of sums and there won’t be a single question which you won’t be able to solve. Give it a try! Do those examples first and then solve the exercise. The examples are given for a reason – they teach you the basics and all give a variety of sums which you may come across.

The same goes for physics. Write those formulae and rewrite them. Go though them once a day, whether it’s while you brush your teeth, wait for the bus, on the bus ride, during recess, etc. Take a couple minutes out from your day to revise those formulae.

Making notes during class can also help. Writing is what will get you everywhere. The brain finds it easier to store data when you write it. Writing the data helps you visualize it once again and when you look at those formulae, BAM! The data gets stored in your brain. 🙂


Thank you and keep on writing!


Creative Commons License
This work by Helpline for ICSE Students (Class X – Class 10) is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

Math: Tips, Tricks, and Shortcuts (Notes)

Rubik's Cube, color scheme modified, with shad...

Rubik’s Cube, color scheme modified, with shadow and reflection (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

This PDF file I found on the internet, from the website, is extremely helpful. If you go through it, it will make arithmetic easier for you. The file includes ways to remember which numbers are divisible by which, how many prime numbers there are from 1 to 100, and various other shortcuts.

NOTES – Tips, Tricks, and Shortcuts

Do check it out… You won’t be disappointed! 🙂

Mathematics: E-book!

Addition, division, subtraction and multiplica...

Addition, division, subtraction and multiplication symbols (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

A noted follower had requested a PDF file of questions/answers. Well, this is even better! The following link is of an e-book of Mathematics by Mr. M. P. Keshari.

PART 1 (Chp 1 to Chp 11):

PART 2 (Chp 12 to Chp 23):

PART 3 (Chp 24 to Chp 29):

It is thorough and even has examples of solved questions. Very useful! Do check it out! 🙂