Source: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/5c/Indian_Rebellion_of_1857.jpg

History: First War of Independence, Nationalism, and More! (NOTES)


One of our readers, Mr. Urav Maniar, was kind enough to share notes on History which he compiled by himself.

In his own words,

“Just trying to repay and say thanks for all notes I have availed from the blog.”

Thank you, Urav! We highly appreciate your initiative. These are some of the neatest and most organized notes we have come across and we’re sure that they will help fellow students immensely.

 

Here’s a link to the PDF file for the above-mentioned notes:

NOTES – History (Compiled by Urav Maniar)

You may print these notes through the PDF file and refer to them as required. We would appreciate it if you abstain from reproducing any part of these notes without our prior permission. For more information, please contact us. Thank you.

 

 

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This work by Helpline for ICSE Students (Class 10) is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

History: Important Dates (NOTES)


The following PDF contains a list of important dates in Indian History and World History. Please go through them. I cannot ensure that dates other than the ones mentioned in the list will not be asked. However, the list contains those dates which are most likely to be asked in the exam.

The highlighted dates are probably not in syllabus. However, I was not so sure hence, I have included them as well.

 

Here’s a link to the PDF file for the aforementioned notes:

NOTES – History: Important Dates

Creative Commons License
This work by Helpline for ICSE Students (Class X – Class 10) is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

You may print these notes through the PDF file and refer to them as required. We would appreciate it if you abstain from reproducing any part of these notes without our prior permission. For more information, please contact us. Thank you.

 

UPDATE (as on 10.01.17): 

As rightly pointed out by a reader, NK, there is a discrepancy in the above notes. Instead of

1883 – Indian National Congress was founded,”

it should read

1883– Indian National Conference was held.”

Please take note of the same. Thank you.

 

Do check out the notes! 🙂

History: First War of Independence 1857, India (Notes Part 3)


I came across this MS-PowerPoint Presentation of the Revolt of 1857 – aka the First War of Independence, 1857 – on the internet. I’m not sure who compiled this presentation, hence, excuse me from not properly acknowledging those involved with the compilation of these notes.

The presentation is precise and has almost all the main points required to answer general questions regarding the causes and effects of the revolt. Please go through these notes! I’m sure you will find them useful! 🙂

THE REVOLT OF 1857

Bhanderi gate of the fort of Jhansi through wh...

Bhanderi gate of the fort of Jhansi through which Rani Laxmibai escaped from the fort during the 1857 Indian war of independence. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Thank you!

History: First War of Independence 1857, India (Notes Part 2)


Activities during the 1857 Sepoy Mutiny mostly...

Activities during the 1857 Sepoy Mutiny mostly took place in the northern part of India. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Credits go to our ex-social studies teacher, Ms. P********* P*****, for compiling these notes. Thank you for your time. 🙂 These notes will surely help all the students who check them out.

HISTORY

FIRST WAR OF INDEPENDENCE aka REVOLT OF 1857

 Q.1 What kind of revolts took place before the revolt of 1857?1. There were many revolts between 1765 and 1856. The people who revolted were mainly deprived landlords, disbanded soldiers, tribal people and impoverished  peasants and artisans. These uprisings testify to the gradual dissatisfaction of the people against the British exploitation  This resentment resulted in a number of uprisings; the most significant among was the revolt of 1857. Q.2 What were tribal revolts? Why did they take place?2. The British annexed large pieces of tribal lands to cultivate cash crops. This rendered the tribal people landless.  They were forced to work as laborers. Customary rights like forest and pasturage rights were taken from them. This led to the most legendary Tribal revolt by the Santhals of Bengal and Bihar.

 

Q.3 What were the political causes for the revolt of 1857?

  • 3. The British policy of Subsidiary Alliance.
  • Annexation under the pretext of mal-administration.
  • Doctrine of Lapse where in the absence of natural heir the kingdom lapsed in to the hands of the British. The sentiments of the people were hurt.

All these created alarm and discontent which gave way to the first war of Independence – The Great Revolt of 1857.

 

Q.4 What were the social causes for the revolt of 1857?

  • British interference in the Indian religious customs and traditions.
  • Force full conversion of religion. The Hindus and Muslims were forced by Christian missionaries to embrace Christianity.
  • The social order of the centuries felt threatened when great reformers started abolishing practices of Sati and infanticide.
  • Widow remarriage was legalized.
  • High ranking jobs were always with the British.
  • The education reduced the importance of the Pundits and maulvis.

 

Q.5 What were the economic causes for the revolt of 1857?

  • The British confiscated land which ruined the farmers.
  • Cash tax payment ruined the peasants.
  • British goods were sold at a cheaper rate in the Indian market because of the Industrial revolution across the globe. This ruined the Indian industry.
  • Royal patronage to poets, musicians, artists, was withdrawn which rendered them penniless. Soldiers lost their jobs.

 

Q.6 What were the military causes for the revolt of 1857?

  • The Indian soldiers were paid very little wages than the British soldiers.
  • The Indian soldiers were considered lower than the British soldiers and were continuously abused and humiliated.
  • The Indian sepoys were not selected for the higher posts in the army and were only allowed till the post of a subedar.
  • The British forced Indian soldiers to fight wars outside India which was not accepted to the Indian soldiers.
  • The high and the low caste Indian soldiers were treated equally and was a great disappointment to the higher caste soldiers.

These factors together culminated the revolt of 1857.

 

CONSEQUENCES OF THE War of Independence

  1. Changes in the administrative set up: end of company’s rule, actual governance was to be carried on as before by the Governor General who was also given the title of Viceroy or Crown’s personal representatives.
  2. Queen victoria’s proclamation, 1858: policy towards Indian Princes and Chiefs.
  3. End of the Peshwa and the Mughal
  4. Promises to the people.
  5. Changes in army organization
  6. Policy of divide and rule
  7. Increased economic exploitation.
  8. Rise of nationalism in India

Here’s a link to the PDF file for the above notes:

NOTES – Revolt of 1857

You may print these notes through the PDF file and refer to them as required. We would appreciate it if you abstain from reproducing any part of these notes without our prior permission. For more information, please contact us. Thank you.

History: First War of Independence 1857, India (Notes)


Indian Revolt of 1857

Indian Revolt of 1857

These are some notes/points to help you go over the First War of Independence, 1857.

 

Here’s a link to the PDF file for the above mentioned notes:

First War of Independence 1857

 

Creative Commons License
This work by Helpline for ICSE Students (Class X – Class 10) is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

You may print these notes through the PDF file and refer to them as required. We would appreciate it if you abstain from reproducing any part of these notes without our prior permission. For more information, please contact us. Thank you.