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FIRST WAR OF INDEPENDENCE aka REVOLT OF 1857
| Q.1 What kind of revolts took place before the revolt of 1857?1. There were many revolts between 1765 and 1856. The people who revolted were mainly deprived landlords, disbanded soldiers, tribal people and impoverished peasants and artisans. These uprisings testify to the gradual dissatisfaction of the people against the British exploitation This resentment resulted in a number of uprisings; the most significant among was the revolt of 1857. Q.2 What were tribal revolts? Why did they take place?2. The British annexed large pieces of tribal lands to cultivate cash crops. This rendered the tribal people landless. They were forced to work as laborers. Customary rights like forest and pasturage rights were taken from them. This led to the most legendary Tribal revolt by the Santhals of Bengal and Bihar.
Q.3 What were the political causes for the revolt of 1857?
All these created alarm and discontent which gave way to the first war of Independence – The Great Revolt of 1857.
Q.4 What were the social causes for the revolt of 1857?
Q.5 What were the economic causes for the revolt of 1857?
Q.6 What were the military causes for the revolt of 1857?
These factors together culminated the revolt of 1857.
CONSEQUENCES OF THE War of Independence
- Changes in the administrative set up: end of company’s rule, actual governance was to be carried on as before by the Governor General who was also given the title of Viceroy or Crown’s personal representatives.
- Queen victoria’s proclamation, 1858: policy towards Indian Princes and Chiefs.
- End of the Peshwa and the Mughal
- Promises to the people.
- Changes in army organization
- Policy of divide and rule
- Increased economic exploitation.
- Rise of nationalism in India
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